The full form of the URL is Uniform Resource Locator. This is a formatted text string that is used in Web Browser, email clients or any other software to find a Network Resource. A network resource can be any file such as Web Pages, Text Document, Graphics or Programs.
If you want to access any website, then you must know the URL of that website, but if you do not know the URL of that website, then you cannot access any website. The URL is just like the home address of any website, just as we cannot access anyone's home without an address, just like a website cannot be accessed without the URL.
The url was first invented by by Tom Berners Lee in 1994. he was also the inventor of www (World Wide Web)
and since then the URL became very popular.
Protocol : Http/ https
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is the secure version of HTTP, the protocol over which data is sent between your browser and the website that you are connected to. The 'S' at the end of HTTPS stands for 'Secure'. It means all communications between your browser and the website are encrypted.
These are special signs that work to separate different parts of the URL from each other. For example,: // is used to separate https/http from the rest of the URLs
The full name of WWW is World Wide Web. This is a Subdomain. We can also open our website without WWW.
Domain Name or DNS (Domain Naming System) is such a nomenclature by which we can identify a website in the Internet. Talking about any website, all are connected to some IP address in the background.
This is the actual resource that is stored on the server. It is also called webpage. Here is the file, photo, video, song that you search for. The file extension is also written in front of the file name which tells what type of file it is? .html, .htm, .php, .asp, .xml etc. are popular file extensions.
Full URL of a web resource is called Absolute URL.
When URLs do not write all the elements in Syntax to a URL and it is used to always shorten the Absolute URL, it is always used inside the web server or web page to reduce the length of the URL is called Relative URL.